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, outgoing defense secretary leon panetta and general martin dempsey, testify about the benghazi, libya attack. and then a discussion on the federal response to soldiers with post dramatic stress disorder. and later, president obama and congressional leaders speak at the fellowship foundation's prayer breakfast. testified about the attack thon u.s. consulate in benghazi, libarch that killed ambassador stevens and three other americans. the pentagon never received the request from the state academy for security, and did not have the resources to get support on the ground in time to thwart the attackers. leon panetta is stepping down. this hearing is four hours and 15 minutes. [inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] >> good morning, everybody. today the committee welcomes secretary of defense, leon panetta, and the chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, general martin dempsey. to testify about the department of defense's response the deadly terrorist attack on the u.s. temporary mission facility in benghazi, libya, last year. and the findings of its internal review following t
in washington are no more defensible than the path of wasteful and a responsible spending we've been on for decades. working families should come first. everyone agrees a fairer, simpler tax code would get all of us more time. in the attempt to make the tax code simpler, we must continue to demonstrate support for young parents who invest in having kids and raising a family. because after all, they are america's most valued investors. in 1997, republican congress created the child tax credit specifically to help ease the financial burden of families raising children. in 2001, it was expanded. such a policy helps to limit the size of government and results in fewer americans looking to the government for support. now leading up to april 15, families will be besieged by concerns over their taxes. but it's health care and the concern for a healthy family that always worries parents most. most americans have come to expect the best health care in the world, but there's no doubt that our current system is too complex and too costly. president obama's health care law resulted in higher pre
and turmoil or it can be executed in a way to make it go rather smoothly. the department of defense has a choice about how to carry it out which will influence how successful it will be, what the costs are and how quickly it can be achieved. >> just to piggyback on that, our organization does a lot of reform work with the dod and. we engage with the uniformed services, civilian leadership, we engage legislators and getting the dod to make a decision is tough but getting the services to implement the decision is even tougher. i talk to people all the time, i tell them, like the dod asks the services to make them pasta and the navy makes siti and air force makes lasgna and air force makes mac and cheese. all three are pasta dishes but all are completely different. what we need to go forward, is see how the services implement the changes. would the reports come in on may 15th. what are the units they're asking exceptions for and are their parallels in different services and objections they're raised and different types of things. when we talk about execution that really needs to be where e
, taxation laws of supporting public goods to my ways and police and fire call protection, and defense particularly. in that world there were the ways and means committee's word about how you pay for these things and the public goods are committees that dealt with where join to do a spending. it changes that transformation enormously. about giving things to individuals, often of an individual basis, your welfare check, your earned income credit in the text of, beverages, in the world there is a lot more giveaway. as a sanction the chair what is a tax and the transfer. an economist at texas a negative transfer becomes last stage will in in terms of the politics the ways and means committee say they give this money away. if you think about this division between the text weighs in committees and the spending committees, they do there transfers, create a dynamic. they both want to do it. you need to be santa claus and i get to be scrooge. we have not even solve that jurisdictional problem in congress of who wants to be the member of congress and it wants to be an elected official and you c
absolutely nothing about he has had the defense department is going to do with the rise of china in an era of budget cuts to the defense department he supports. it's very troubling, fred has a great way of putting this consensus reality that in a sense it doesn't matter. so did not do the job better and you can take that for granted. japan for the first time in a decade has not just her and run defense budget, modestly $1.6 billion increase. it would be nice to see it continue, but everyone watches very carefully to see the leading indicator, which is us and what we're willing to do. taiwan is a country rushing to the exit to make sure nothing comes between it and china and therefore i would argue the same credibility over whether the united states would intervene and i taiwan strait scenario, but we can expect the support and could even see treaty allies that would be required, for example, logistics and the like want to stay out of it because they question whether we are committed to it and it said it would drag them in and leave them exposed to the situation in which stability had to st
to be the fairy godmother to. >> here, here. >> at the time of the strategic defense security review, two and half years ago, my right honorable friend said my own strong view is that the structure will require year on year real terms growth in the defense budget in the years beyond 2015. does that remain his view, and has he heard any similar view expressed by the leader of the opposition? >> it does remain my view but i'm afraid to say as far as i can say i am the only party leader who believes that in the years beyond this parliament we should be increasing defense spending in the way that he says it. but the good news is, for all those who care about this issue, that it is agreed government policy that the defense equipment program does need real terms increases up to, after 2015. and that's are important for us to be able to plan the exception of equipment program that we have that is going to give us some of the best equipped armed forces anywhere in the world. >> mr. speaker, the budget for office responsibility, the office for budget responsibility rather, tells us it's the bankers will pa
, are important. they are good for american defense and let us do things we couldn't otherwise do. they need to be part behalf we do. that said, if we issued a bunch of drones to the philadelphia police department and said go after the drug problem in philadelphia, they would be able to figure out some drug dealers. they would be able to shoot drug dealers with hell fire missiles and in fact, and in fact they would be right in many cases. but if you think you solved the drug problem, you probably would not. in some cases you would make it worse because many people would experience the exposure. even though they knew the person was a drug dealer, they would be overredded by the fact that you do that. there's a perception even though the shot may only kill people who are absolutely guilty, the perception of everyone wandering away there were civilians there. there's the i want impression that the united states -- you lose support. if i'm corrected i may be a little dated. american popularity among the population of pac -- pakistan was not high. at one point it was below india. the people most
, everybody. i'm danielle pletka, i'm the vice president for foreign and defense policy studies at the american enterprise institute. welcome to the first of our annual series in state of the union policy events. every year aei scholars come together, and we look forward to the challenges of the year ahead and policy questions that have been raised and are likely to come up and try and look forward a little bit, think a little bit about what the right answers are to the questions that are being posed. it's one to have but events we -- one of the few events we do with only aei scholars, although i'm very happy to be together with them. i'll lay out what the other events are at the end of the session, but let me introduce the folks here with me at the table. first, on the far left, so to speak -- it's such a stock joke, i'm sorry -- misha us aland who's a resident scholar in asian studies. he specializes in japan, although he does a lot of work on the pacific and air power as well. next to him is fred kagan and the executive director of our critical threats project. and next to me
on where we stand in the nuclear arena in the world, what would adequate defenses should we be worried about missiles from north korea? should we weren't worried about israel attacking iran? >> great question. i would be worried about it. i don't think the destruction of the world is close to where it was five minutes to midnight or one minute to midnight in the court were because it's a miscalculation to every have a workout and civilization. i don't think it's as likely right now. i think you have nuclear proliferation of not only weapons, but tall knowledge she at some point gets to a rational or irresponsible actors. the lady of nuclear strategy was based upon the fact your opponent was a rational actor. the dangerous when someone gets a weapon like that they don't perceive they have anything to lose. whatever pretty scared about north korea if it had a rational act are to be of the sort, but there's the concern. the thing is they been very irresponsibly using people like lebanon, hezbollah and other circuit and president ahmadinejad does not inspire confidence. so there's the sens
douglas and sarah allison center for foreign studies. he priestly served as fellow for defense and homeland security. he is well verse inside the special area operations as well as defense support to civil authorities. he served for three decades as an army special forces officer and top pentagon official in july 2001 he assumed the duties of military assistant to secretary rumsfeld and worked daily with the secretary for the next five and a half years and then upon retirement from the army he continued at the pentagon as deputy assistant secretary of defense. please join me in welcoming steve bucci. steve? [applause] >> let me add my welcome to all of you. i think we're going to have a real treat this morning. as john mentioned, i'm a special forces officer by profession, and so this area is near and dear to my heart because this is kind of what we do, or did. they don't let me do it anymore. [laughter] i mentioned to max when he came in a little historical artifact in that when i was a cadet at west point, i bought a book that had just been published. it was a two-volume set.
. secretary, you said that it is not the department of defense's job to be 9-1-1, and so the question that struck me is, so when this happens and it happened so fast, and so quick, that when you responded in an hour, it may already be over by that time. are we relyingings on the home country -- relying on the home country to be 9-1-1? if so, as you go through what they're providing to us, you mentioned some are not up to our -- are not up to the quality of others at this time. how are you making that decision that we have people in harm's way and we are lying on a -- relying on a host nation that might not be up to taking care of our people? >> you know, obviously it's very important that, you know, the ambassador determined what is the situation and whether or not, you know, there's a need for action. i mean, the 9-1-1 is basically the host country that has to respond quickly and provide immediate security around. if that's not there. you have to have security within the embassy itself. that f that isn't there. you have to intelligence giving you a heads up it's a dangerous situation
to become the next cia director. on c-span2, outgoing defense secretary leon panetta, and chair of the joint chiefs of staff general martin dempsey testified on the attack on the u.s. consulate in benghazi. and on c-span3 tonight education secretary arne duncan discusses the no child left behind law, and the obama administration's waiver process. all these events are tonight beginning at 8 p.m. eastern on the c-span networks. >> having observed a steady improvement and the opportunities and well being of our citizens, i can report to you, the state of this old but useful union is good. >> once again, in keeping with time-honored tradition i've come to report to you on the state of the union. and i'm pleased to report that america is much improved, and there's good reason to believe that improvement will continue for the data,. >> my duty tonight is to report on the state of the union, not the state of our government, but of our american community. and to set forth our responsibilities in the words of our founders, perform -- to form a more perfect union. the state of the union is strong. >>
agency operating in afghanistan, dealing with reconstruction. so we took the department of defense, the department of justice, and the agency operating in afghanistan. we have the largest oversight presence on the ground in afghanistan. we have the most aggressive program in afghanistan. and we have the most successful record of working with afghan law enforcement in prosecuting individuals in afghan courts. we are a temporary agency. when reconstruction drops below $260 million, we have a way to go. .. now just last wednesday bob alluded to the fact i return from afghanistan. i tried to visit afghanistan every quarter. everyone there, can assure you, in the embassy in the military is intensely focused on the difficult task of transferring security responsibilities to the afghans by the end of 2014. equally interested and concerned about strengthening the afghan government ability to manage the country's continued reconstruction efforts during this transition timeframe and beyond. i think it is fair to say that the success or failure of our entire investment in afghanistan is teete
understands as secretary of defense or anyone who wears the uniform is burden is now on our soldiers. and we have overloaded the circuits. of we've asked our military to damn near do everything. well, we should never, ever put the military in that position. not only are they not capable of doing everything, they can't. they're human. and so consequently, we're seeing a great deterioration in the quality of our army and the marines, we're doing great damage to our fort structure. and i talk about that in the book. but soft power, how do we use all the instruments of our government, of our country, of our reputation? i talk about the first, in the first part, first section reintroducing mesh to the world. i -- america to the world. i think for the next president in his or her administration and the new congress, that's going to be as critical a component and urgent focus that the new president is going to have. this new president is going to have to reconnect america with the world. the world does not know who we are, and that should not come as any great surprise when you look at those 6.5 bi
a genuine common foreign policy, to have a genuine european defense. france is ready. it's time to put an end to splitting up our resources and bring them together, bring our industries together as well. harmonize our position in international bodies where europe should speak with a single voice, to act in order to sort out conflicts which undermine confidence in humanity. think about syria. i'm thinking about iran, to push forward negotiations between israelis and palestinians because the time has come for that as well. europe can't just wait for the u.s.a. it needs to be present itself. to make those discussions start up again. [applause] [speaking french] >> translator: europe also has a role to play when it comes to questions of our climate. france is ready to organize the 2015 climate conference. but we can't act alone. europe needs to set an example when it comes to renewable energies and energy efficiency. i believe in europe. because i think that europe is useful and good, not just for europeans, but for the whole planet. and the best way for europe to protect its own interests
of defense after world war ii. in 1946, james forest all noted in his diary that the soviets believed that the post-war world should be shaped by a handful of major powers acting alone but he went on the american point of view is that all nations professing a desire for peace and democracy should participate and what ended up happening in the years since his something in between or. the united states and our allies succeeded in constructing a broad international architecture of alliances chiefly the u.n. the imf the world bank and nato that protected our interest and benefited people and nations around the world. yet it is undeniable that a handful of major powers did end up controlling those institutions, setting norms and shaping international affairs. now two decades after the end of the cold war, we faced a different world. more countries than ever have a voice in global debates. we see more paths to power opening up as nations gain influence to the strength of their economies rather than their militaries are going political and technological changes are empowering nonstate actors
created to leverage and coordinate the department of state, department of defense and a.i.d. resources for large-scale infrastructure projects in afghanistan. we found that five of the seven fiscal year 2011 projects were behind schedule and that some of these projects may not achieve the positive coin effect for several years if at all. we also identified some messes where the projects resulted in the adverse effect because they either created an expectation gap among the's -- populace or lack of support. sigar intends to conduct more assessments of the programs designed to support the coin strategy in the upcoming years including an audit that we will initiate soon on the stabilization in the key areas program which is 177 billion-dollar community development program. like ways to sigar intends to increase its focus in the next year on that second question -- it he asked for each construction project and this is, to to do the afghans want it and do they need it? you would be surprised how long -- often we find that the answer to this question is no. let me give an example. a few days
the united states of america. >> defense secretary panetta speaks at georgetown is airing on ark of kenyan uppercut by c-span. see it online at c-span.org. >> what i discovered a forgotten older and more mature at that is the worst strategy to achieve happiness in life is to make that your primary goal. if you make happiness which are striving for, you will not probably achieve it. instead of the narcissistic, self involved, caring about your own pleasures and satisfactions in life is your paramount goal. what i found this happiness is a byproduct of other things, meeting for work and family and friends and good health and lives in care. would you happiness not directing for a come of it and involving ourselves in fundamentally trying to have integrity and be a good person. >> now current head of the national transportation safety board, deborah hersman spoke with reporters for about an hour and a variety of issues including agency's investigation and problems with the boeing 787 and a fictitious candidate to replace reload as transportation secretary. [inaudible conversations] >> okay com
you about. outgoing defense secretary leon panetta and the chair of the joint chiefs of staff, general martin dempsey, or on capitol hill today to testify about the attack on the u.s. consulate in benghazi, libya. that will be before the senate armed services committee beginning at 10 a.m. eastern and that will be live on our companion network c-span. education secretary arne duncan also on the hill today to talk about the no child left behind law at a hearing hosted by the senate education committee. that will be live at 10 a.m. eastern on c-span3. the presidency choice to head up the cia is at a confirmation hearing. john brennan will answer questions from the senate intelligence community begin at 2:30 p.m. eastern on c-span. the u.s. senate is about to gavel in the session in about five minutes or so. we will have live coverage here on c-span2. while we wait, remarks or white house adviser john brennan who was at the wilson center in april of last year, when he called drone strikes legal, ethical and wise and the highest characters and standards to limit the loss of civilian life.
for forever secretary of defense after world war ii. in 1946 james forrestal noted in his diary that the soviets believed that the post-war world should be shaped by a handful of major power acting alone. plessy went on, the american point of view is that all nations professing a desire for peace and democracy should participate. and what ended up happening in the years is something in between. the united states and our allies succeeded in constructing a broad international architecture of institutions and alliances chiefly the u.n., the imf the world bank and nato that protected our interests, defending universal values and benefited peoples and nations around the world. yet it is undeniable that a handful of major powers did end up controlling those institutions combat setting norms and shaping international affairs. now two decades after the end of the cold war, we faced a different world. more countries than ever have a voice in global debate. we see more passed power opening up as nations gain influence through the strength of their economies rather than their military and
implicit bias and help shift with them from being on the defensive of the legislation that really decriminalizes a number of nonviolent offenses that come with mandatory sentencing, for example. so how do we deal with that? how do we talk to the counterparts that want to do the right thing but they say we know some populations are going to benefit directly from this. >> as a former legislature i wouldn't negotiate during the time of budget. we know when the other side of the ogle wants to get their money or they want to get some projects past year should have that list of things you want to get done for your people and that is a sign that the negotiation is done on budget time. you use the opportunity to get what you want into the negotiation around budget time. >> what about the negro's? there is the negro factor. >> representative miller of memphis tennessee to get my questions are on the same line as the last speaker. when we talk about implicit racism and or by as institutionalized, the first place we should look at is our federal government, the largest governmental instituti
of interest to both countries, namely on all strategic issues from economy to finance, energy defense, law enforcement, counterterrorism and the core strategic stability. our principals have been meeting. we had a meeting in brussels as you may have heard. we've also been meeting off the non-facilitating working groups as well as high-level bilateral engagements. congress has been going away by several visitors from pakistan. so we are looking forward to the relationship that is defined by confidence, trust, mutual respect and investment and each other societies and nations, not just a true critic out there in the 21st century as long-standing friends and allies. i look forward to working with all of u.s. friends. i've been a journalist for too many years to miss you can't take that out of the girl. you can take bad journalism, but it's difficult to do that. i want to also read very quickly that while we make in this historic transition, pakistan is looking toward its highest profile in itself invisibly nonregional transformations in the region, we have made an important foreign policy shi
round of defense cuts. this year, about $55 billion will be sequestered in ways that you need to the department. it's not that this is just automatic across-the-board meat cleaver approach. but there was some wiggle room granted to the president and particularly he has chosen personal benefits. so the cuts that have to be made, coming as they will come, about halfway through the budget year will fall disproportionately on the weapons procurement and research , in particular on the maintenance accounts that make trained and ready units for deployment. and because this set of accounts also includes things it means that it will fall on these rapid spending accounts that are most directly associated with making units ready to deploy the combat fields. now, i am sure that the department was intact last week and the chairman said we have a set of managed cuts. we are managing them so that noncritical counts will be protected. well, sometimes there is not much that isn't pretty critical. ammunition and gasoline, for instance, to do training went. paying the contractors who run the ra
's difficult for me. [laughter] following her service in the canadian forces, she has become a defense scientist on their behalf, and she's the editor and contributing writer to several books about women in the canadian forces. she's an expert in culture, diversity, gender, leadership and women in the combat arms. she's completed her ph.d. dissertation entitled negotiations gender in the canadian forces, 1970-1999. next to her is captain lori manning, she spent 25 years in the navy, served on many high-level staff including those of the chief of naval affairs, commander u.s. forces europe and the cno. she is the direct or of the women in military project at the women's research and education institute. she served for six years on secretary of veterans affairs advisory committee on women vets and was a member of the military advisory committee at the service members' legal defense network for three years. and on the end next to her is colonel ingrid gjerde with operational experience in the norwegian army. she began active duty in 1987 and has ground combat experience to share with us.
people you have less money for military and self-defense and not only that the viewer bodies in your pool of military aged men and women is smaller. this is not as much of a concern for sweden but for sweden doesn't matter if you can't support your military. if you are america and you are reasonably considered to be a force for enforcing stability it becomes problematic. >> host: well let me challenge you as little on that. we have pew research don't take positions on these issues but certainly there've many demographers and social scientists out there who say that the kinds of issues of population aging and falling fertility are a kind of the problem you want to have and that governments like the ones in the u.s. where we have resources could solve them and in fact there may be an advantage to having older people who can be persuaded to join the work horse or stay in the workforce longer and maybe wring more women and an train younger workers so they can become more productive. the thinking as well, this is what happens in a modern society. let's. let's live with it. what do you say to t
because a large part of the struggle is defensiveness on the part of people and institutions that you claim how is the implicit bias. so how do you effectively do so? regret to point to it, then commits the people participating in it that they are perpetuating an to recognize it before it in thing is done. so i want to throw this out to the panel. i'll start with mr. davies perhaps amend mr. harris and the market to the practical application of it was fair to law enforcement, dr. williams. >> thank you. it's an important and ask the question because their conception, our traditional conventional conception of how race operates on us and effects our judgment and decision-making is outmoded. we tend to think we can see racism in the same way that we used to when it was operating under white hood or with a white only signs on our walls or something really explicit and over. we can't see it that way anymore. the goodness is we have progressed beyond not as a society. we see it occasionally when people slipped up unintentionally, but it's a lot less likely that we are going to see it or no
defensible than the path of wasteful and irresponsible spend we can have been on for decades. working families should come first. everybody agrees a fairer, simpler tax code would give all of us more time. in our attempt to make the tax code simpler, we must continue to demonstrate support for young parents who invest in having kids, and raising a family, because after all, they are america's most valued investors. in 1997, a republican congress created the child tax credit, specifically to help ease the financial burden of families raising children. in 2001, it was expanded. such a policy helped to limit the size of government and results in fewer americans looking to the government for support. now, leading up to april 15th, families will be besieged byern cozy over taxes, but it's health care economic the concern for a healthy family that always worries parents most. most americans have come to expect the besthawkhawk -- best health care in the world bus our system is too complex and too costly. president obama's law raised premiums and has made access to health care tougher. if we
were you. >> the afghan defense minister presented that last week. >> i'm glad the defense minister has left a happy man. [inaudible] >> we don't discuss listened public forums, but it is not -- we have number one, he said something buddy substitution. no, we essay said have come through this whole process. we been asked to the process quite beta is forced to but then announced time table can be financed to come very good. we do all we can as they asked for and have been doing that. we have been doing that in complete coordination to the corporate process we run. incidentally, that kept running, even when high-level talks were suspended between the pakistan and we did keep the process going. i think there is no substitution at all. >> we will do everything we can -- we will do everything we can in the timeline they are looking for her. [inaudible] >> absolutely, they are very clear. we want to and were happy to arrange whatever we can. .. the do you if you. >> any county which process is actually a part of its? >> we have a fine line of releases which we are cooperating my department we
. it was federal spending pretty much defense spending. how do you look at that fourth quarter compared to the first half of this year? is the harbinger of things to come or is it going to look like an aberration in their rearview mirror i will start with frank and then move this way. >> was a bit of an aberration and one of the positives i saw in the fourth quarter was the contribution on the housing sector and that is the residential investment. to become. for much of the recovery the housing hasn't been there. housing continues to weaken and be a subtraction for economic activity in 2009, 2010, 2011. finally in 2012 housing began to contribute and takes up in the housing starts and flows through the residential investment and the investment contributed about four tenths of a percentage point in the overall gdp or helped make it less negative. of what we are expecting to see is a bigger role for housing in supporting economic growth in 2013 to the we are expecting that over 2013 housing in the residential investment will contribute close to half a percentage point of overall gdp growt
come together. and i think it can happen. i really do. >> last december we did the defense authorization bill. we dispensed with 380 amendments and we went forward and we did the right thing. i am, guardedly optimistic we will do, we -- >> we did that bill and postal reform toward the end of last year. it was little-noticed but there were a number of important and complicated pieces of legislation, that didn't pass the house, most of them. the defense did, that got through the senate with good bipartisan support. >> senator mccain do you buy the pendulum idea that it reached its nadir, right at the bottom and reached its worst point and is getting better? >> i do. i do. maybe i'm wrong. maybe that's not the case. but i think as chuck just mentioned we've sown we can make certain progress in other areas and i think historians who study the senate, as boring as this might be, will look back on this aversion of this nuclear option because, if it had happened and it was going to happen unless we had come up with this road map for the leaders, maybe that is sound a little egotis
'll start off with some of the defense of the week. we had earlier in the week and inauguration of president obama for a second term. getting into obama, and clearly the view, there's a lot of questions on how he is doing and what the administration is going to do, given what's happened in the last election. dr. romer, share some views given that you've worked for the president. how is the administration doing? >> so, certainly what is true is that the american economy has been through a very rough five years, and president obama has been president for four those. so it was certainly a baptism by fire in terms of what he faced coming in. you know, i think the administration has taken some incredibly important view on policy but everything from the recovery act that he played a role in helping us to turn the corner, health care reform which i think is going to be very important going forward for the health of the economy, the financial records were reform, all those things. so i think he's accomplished a great deal. unfortunaunfortuna tely there still a lot more to do, and i think the big iss
the hour i guess your defense of why one should have children. >> guest: the only thing worse than having children is not having them and i think that this is true. having children is in many ways a sold crushing endeavor but it's wonderful and that it speaks to a deep and important way the human experience and that the human experience is extending beyond ourselves and so if you believe in anything being bigger than yourself it doesn't have to be what i believe for you believe, but america can be got, secular humanism for all we care what you believe in something bigger than yourself and i think it becomes unavoidable that at some point you say i have to have kids. >> host: thank you, jonathan last. >> that was "after words," booktv signature program in which authors of the latest nonfiction books are interviewed by journalists, public policy makers, legislators and others familiar with their material. "after words" airs every weekend on booktv at 10 p.m. on saturday, 12 p.m. and 9 p.m. on sunday at 12 a.m. on monday. you can also watch "after words" on line. go to booktv.org and click o
do to address proposed there is defensiveness on the part of people and institutions that you claim house the implicit bias because you have to point to it and then you have to convince people participating in net but they are perpetuating that to recognize it before something is done, so i'm going to throw this out to the panel. i will start with professor davies and then mr. harris and get to the practical application with our law enforcement sheriff williams. >> it's an important and excellent question because our conception, our traditional conception of how race operates on us and affects our judgments and our decision making is outmoded. we tend to think that we can see racism in the same way that we used to when i was operating under white hoods or whites-only signs of a wall that are explicit and overt. we can't see it that way anymore. the good news is that we have progressed beyond that as a society. we see it occasionally when people slip up, but it's a lot less likely that we are going to see it in that fashion. that means all of our standards and the judiciary are outmo
the world of nightmare. reason seems a better defense against the pain. what made the difference between two children that began almost the same way, inseparable. and in our own eyes, virtually identical, almost, but not quite. he was smarter, he was the father i wish for. why did i enjoy, even thrive when he was consumed by the same dangers that surround him? a culture that pushes boys out into the streets while protecting girls. there is more. nelson had mentioned that at the hospital one thing, call it what you like, discipline, determination, perseverance. a force of will. even apart from his saying so, i knew that it had made all the difference in my life. if only i could bottle it, i would share it with all in america. every time your parents tell you not to be stubborn, look at them and say that the justice that it was a good thing. [laughter] [laughter] it isn't easy for people with money. i have many friends who have proven that to me. money does not buy happiness. the very true adage. life does each of us a lot of things. if you let them knock you down, life is really unhappy. the
people is still largely been there to his bed. the defense has said his chief of is the choice and a luxury it deal with race and interests including barack obama can talk about race because if he does the people who voted for him or find some reason the city is emphasizing it too much. the array some been a it can pay enormous dividends in the future when. it's vital when we get our history and law and of what happens so we can restore our confidence and the capacity for government to move for hidden them. and the science going to be easy hamel of the have five years of anniversaries and of great blessings for the whole world more or enough sharing in this democracy. if we understand, and it is a vital task demand begins with a recess in him. the great thing about the civil-rights movement is it assures that the promise of democracy comes representative when the staff of their respond, and sometimes there will inspire you, but in the both of those things coming together. in order to do that you have to have a sense of history and a and helping him to assure one does to convent
defense, to meet artists and the cross culture of visual arts, performing arts and literary arts is just a natural. right on our shelf here is a perfect example of the cross-cultural work of the city of santa fe. it was written and produced by the santa fe opera. the venue was the theater. children came from all over the city to see it and lpd press in albuquerque produce this beautiful book. collected works sold the book at the event and we had some left over. those leftovers went to the city, extra stock. a bend went as a part of the sister city program to a local gentleman down to mexico and went to children in mexico. so there you have literary art, the performing arts, the educational value and the city cultural outreach all-in-one book. wherever you are go and investigate a local store. see if you like it. try to form an allegiance to it. if you don't like what they carry tell them. a lot of what we order comes from suggestion from our customers. i wish you had this book, which you have that book. we will get it for them and very often we will get another copy for the store and ver
beginning at its founding. this is where community defense still happen. this is where traditional christmas pageants take place in santa fe today, as they have for the last couple of centrist. this is also where the first american revolution took place. thi have a book at some of you y want to read. this was an important event. not only in santa fe sister, but in the history of the nation because this was the first successful uprising by native people against the european conquerors. the pueblo peoples join together and forced the spanish out of santa fe into exile, 300 miles south of here where they stayed for the next 13 years. our history and culture is so rich because of the three dominant culture groups that have influenced it. starting this, a native people and they're very strong oral story telling history. before the books an alphabet for them to write down their stories. they danced their stories. they did rock art. they told their stories through families and pass them down from generation to generation. and even today, the native peoples believe that the most sacred stories shoul
shares will tell you this isn't going to end well for you. the problem is our defenses are down when we eat. we know this. and these people can be very appealing. and i'm going to explain why, is there's a whole apparatus that teaches how to be appealing. the art techniques where they are told to write to people. usually people are written to. you sometimes get enough but most of because still dealing with the over 65 that it's mostly still spelled out. and use only a hot button issue, social security, outliving your savings, ill health in old age, protecting your money from your children. that occasionally comes up. and then you are going to scare them. make them afraid this is going to happen. and then things yo just us all. and, of course, you don't want pashtun you don't say what the solve this. and then when you come into the presentation, and i have sat through several of these over time, though i have to say i'm more scared that my presence is changing the presentation slightly because i don't look like a demo yet. i'm not old enough i don't look like an over 65. i look like some
during the war and minister of defense citibank capacity to? i think not. only two people wrote the churchill was from alcohol. most of a staff member reported to stalin but he thought stalin wanted to hear at the second was a private secretary to anthony eaton, who also would've liked to report to his boss that churchill was struck, but churchill would have never been able to work as he did for so many years and so successfully of alcohol or take a hold of. churchill very much enjoyed the legend of his drinking added by the bursting of the consumed, and macho habit was habit which he indulge a tough british bulldog who could drink with the best of them, down at the pub with a local as it's as britain. another churchill favorite indulgence, cigars. he had three uses for cigars. the first was sheer pleasure, enjoyment of the flavor of a good cigar and the feeling of relaxation such a smoke brings you to think it the trademark. churchill is true sure to a politician not to realize his cigar had become an iconic symbol of his great in the face of adversity. just as fdr cigarette ho
, specifically designated as his minister of defense, someone from the tuareg community, which then provided for prime minister between the two communities. so there's a different set of politics operating, and a different history with regard to the degree of animosity between those in power in the mnla and those residing elsewhere in the country who may belong to the tuareg community. that is not exportable to mali because of mali's different history. and now as america stands come because of the different the malian state. so then getting back to what you ask, what is it we need to do. i said, i want to reemphasize there was a saying about two years, we first have to recognize that this is a regional question that has to be addressed regionally. it is a question that does not engage the deployment of u.s. troops because of the blowback that has involved with the insurgency. but it does involve a level of intelligent engagement, using the resources that are appropriate for the resolution of the problem, which is the provision of our formidable intelligence gathering services, the provision
with our inherent rights of self-defense -- of national self-defense. there is nothing in international law that bans the use of remotely-piloted aircraft for this purpose or that prohibits us from using lethal force against our enemies outside of an active battlefield, at least when the country involved consents or is unable or unwilling to take action against the threat. second, targeted strikes are ethical. without question the ability to target a specific individual from hundreds or thousands of miles away raises profound questions. here i think it is useful to consider such strikes against the basic principles of the law of war that govern the use of force. targeted strikes conform to the principle of necessity. the requirement that the target have definite military value. in this armed conflict, individuals who are part of al-qaeda or its associated forces are e legitimate military targets. we have the authority to target them with lethal force just as we target enemy leaders in past conflicts such as germans and japanese commanders during world war ii. targeted strikes conform to the
in defense of that interest. of course, we did not have in the 1970s, a robust military that would provide the opportunity to deploy over long distances. nevertheless, it began that the united states assume security responsibilities. the next step that was taken towards the duties that the british had done came in the iran iraq war that continued through most of the 1980s. during the reagan administration, trying upon that very same standard that president carter had put forward projected military force into the gulf in the refighting of tankers and using the u.s. military to do that and escorting ships through the gulf. putting the u.s. military in harms way. in 1991 the united states engaged in operation desert shield and desert storm. so after 1991, the united states never laughed red it has been maintaining order. it has been ensuring the free trade in and out and around the golf, the missions that the british had been doing in the 1800s and 19 hundreds. since then, it has been a time that is separated by what i call chaos. >> host: can this continue? you see a continuing? should it ca
not distend to discord and disunion and defensiveness but rises with the core of conviction, very symphony to compassion, to pragmatism, to persistence, to problem solving. o'say can you see a nation that honors a past. people pledged to protect this union. and preserve this union. we honor that sacrifice, o'say can you see? the nation that just doesn't jump to one crisis to another crisis, but lists their vision of the immediate urgencies to the larger calling of our country and our children and our grandchildren and those yet unborn expand the vision of what is possible when we reunite. o'say can you see? a nation where the leaders and congress aren't cowardly and confused. but that truly our nation's congress pragmatic rules. through changes that made that are very congress can truly exhibit that truth of our nation. that we are the home of the brave. this, to me, is our moment, this to me, is our opportunity. this, to me, is our chance to prove worthy of the blessings of our past. this, to me, is what i know is hope unhinged. it's the destiny that called us off. may god bless america.
reaching that point. one is the defense of marriage act, section three about federal benefits the federal government has to get the same preferences and these sorts of things. for people who are lawfully married in their state you are gay. and you can see justice kennedy still may being the deciding vote but completely on federalism grounds. he seems like federalism more and more if you look at is writing the last few years without talking about fundamental rights or equal protection. and another cases california's we're to propagate. i'm not going to go into because my time is limited. i want to talk about other things. but i think the most likely think there is there is a technicality procedure going about standing or movements or who can stand in the seat of to represent your case to the court. that would also be one way to hand victory on i guess federalism grounds in the dome a case while also not enshrine a constitutional right to gay marriage, the court is not ready to do that. moving on to which probably right now, what alex will talk about, the hottest issue and that's gun-contro
to keep a, but i am not privy to that. i will say in defense of elected officials, i don't know that we could have won sanctions against south africa without the vigorous support of the congressional black caucus. every member of the congressional black caucus went to jail at the south african embassy and did a great deal to support the sanctions effort when we had a discussion about aristide. i was on the phone from my home in saint kitts when we were trying to find a place for him to be, after taken from the central african republic. maxine waters was on the call and charlie rangel was on the call and the prime minister of -- t.j. patterson of jamaica was on the call too and he told us that condoleezza rice had threatened him and the government of jamaica, if we would accept this democratically-elected president of haiti and jamaica, and he did it anyway but the caucus was very supportive and maxine was supportive. maxine waters, she went on this flight with us to the central african republic which was a dangerous mission to go and to meet with the president and the central african re
misunderstood. we tend to think of it as sort of a defensive me. they were losing any union. they decided to take this gamble. they did take a gamble that they were the only slaveholding class in the 19th century world who did it. the brazilian slaveholders didn't do it. why did these guys do it? that's a real interesting question, and i try to explain in the book what was the mindset. is completely fascinating to get inside the mind of this incredibly powerful, not just in terms of social power and wealth, but political power of this elite. there used to running the united states and they really did not doubt their ability to do this separately. so the confidence is there, and it's a big piece of the story. >> was their overwhelming support for secession amongst the south? >> no. if they're really, really interesting political campaign. i've written about three or four times in my life and i never cease to be amazed. karl rove would have been impressed. they needed, i mean, most of the elite, political elite, only a third of white adult men owned slaves in the south at this point, and mo
-- rosa delaura. people on the outside. judy lickman in 1993 was head of the legal women's defense fund. she and her colleague played critical rules in getting the fmla written, introduced and across the finish line. i want to mention those heroes who worked so hard for this important bill. but there's still more work to do, mr. president, to insure that families are fully able to see their family responsibilities as well as maintain economic security. today workers are ineligible to take fmla for a variety of reasons. some workers do not have enough tenure with their current employer, even if they have been in the workforce for years. you see, the fmla requires a year of service. but in today's economy, workers more frequently change jobs. and, of course, family emergencies happen without warning. other workers are not able to accumulate the required 1,250 hours of work at a single employer in the preceding year. with the growth in part-time work, both by choice and by necessity, more workers may be ineligible for fmla even though they are long-term, dedicated employees. and millions o
stick to the defense of deadly hostage rates that stem from this necessity to enlist the health and control in the border. the mission cannot succeed without the assistance of algeria, period. and they are different on the british initially. so the french fear that they have economic interests and intervene in northern mali. they feel that the control of the interests but also that it would destabilize far more important allies as a major concern in the capital's. they have the transborder militancy has exacerbated by the difficult space transitions and north africa and by the state fragility in north africa. the risks for the spillover our real. it is fast lee becoming a smuggling headquarters are between libya and there's a huge concern within the of their government in the interviews that geneva is becoming for now a corridor for the dealers and it's becoming frequent as well as the case on january 17th when the security forces arrested militant groups in the confiscated grenades and rifles it could be more than a transit route. they are currently fighting alongside mog -- fa
about the defenses between the bipartisan senate and the white house immigration reform bills. and later, the government's treatment of soldiers with post-traumatic stress disorder. washington journal takes your calls and e-mails, and tweets every morning startinged at 7:00 eastern on c-span. >> whey discovered as i gotten older. the worst strategy to achieve happiness in life is to make that your primary goal. if you make happiness striving for you will not probably achieve it. instead you'll end up being narcissistic and self-ininvolved caring your own pleasure and satisfactions in life is your paramount goal. what i found is happiness is -- other things. it's by-product of meaningful work and family and friends and good health and love and care. it's we get happiness not by aiming directly for it by throwing ourself to projects and involving other and fundamentally trying to have integrity. >>> the head of the national transportation safety board. spoke with reporters for about an hour on a number of issues. the agencies investigate and with the problem with the boeing 787 and whether
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